Hog and pig inventory decreases

CHARLESTON — Inventory of all hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, 2013, was 5,000 head, down 17 percent from December 2012.

Of the 5,000 head, 1,000 were for breeding; down 1,000 head from 2012. The breakdown of the remaining 4,000 market hogs and pigs was: 1,000 head were under 50 pounds; 1,000 head were from 50-119 pounds; 500 head were from 120-179 pounds; and 1,500 head were 180 pounds and over.

Annual pig crop totaled 7,300 head, 25 percent below the 2012 pig crop of 9,700 head. Sows farrowing from December 2012 through November 2013 totaled 800 head, down 38 percent from the previous year total of 1,300 head. Pigs per litter averaged 9.13 pigs, up 22 percent from the 2012 average of 7.46 pigs per litter.

Inventory of all hogs and pigs in the United States Dec. 1, 2013, was 65.9 million head. This was down 1 percent from Dec. 1, 2012, and down 2 percent from Sept. 1, 2013.

Breeding inventory, 5.76 million head, was down 1 percent from last year and down 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.2 million head, was down 1 percent from last year and down 2 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2013 pig crop, at 29.3 million head, was down slightly from 2012. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.88 million head, down slightly from 2012. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter were a record high 10.16 for the September-November period, compared to 10.15 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 8.00 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.83 million sows farrow during the December 2013February 2014 quarter, up 1 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2013, and up slightly from 2012. Intended farrowings for March-May 2014, at 2.86 million sows, are up 1 percent from 2013, but down 3 percent from 2012.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 48 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up from 47 percent last year.


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