Aug. 14 in history

Astronaut Jon McBride is born Aug. 14, 1943, in Charleston and grows up in Beckley. He studies at West Virginia University, the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School and Pepperdine University before becoming an astronaut in 1971. He piloted the space shuttle Challenger on an eight-day mission in 1984 and in 1996 ran for the GOP nomination for governor of West Virginia, losing to eventual winner Cecil H. Underwood. He’s now retired and living in Florida.

A crowd of some 20,000 people watch the last public execution in the United States in Owensboro, Ky., in the early morning hours of Aug. 14, 1936. The spectacle surrounding the hanging of Rainey Bethea, a black man convicted of rape, is credited with bringing an end to the practice of public executions in the United States.

“The Rocky Horror Picture Show” debuts on Aug. 14, 1975, at L.A.’s USA Theatre. It will become the longest-running release in the history of film.

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